A framework of Halal Industry Support System in non-Muslim Country: Focusing on South Korea


  • MINGYU PARK INHART, International Islamic University Malaysia (IIUM)
  • Muhamad Aizat Jamaludin INHART, International Islamic University Malaysia (IIUM)


Following the significant growth of the global halal market and its capacity, not only Muslim society, but also non-Muslim majority society have joined and established a strategy to be involved in the paradigm of the halal industry. However, significant challenges may arise in non-Muslim majority society such as; social collision, value incompatibility of applying Islamic value system in a domestic environment, and the inefficiency with limited scope existing in the halal support system. Thus, we will discuss in this paper methodical discourse regarding the application of the halal industry. In addition to that, general domestic perception towards Islam and the halal industry will be discussed after we reviewed existing documents and published literature regarding the fundamental of the halal industry. The significance of the government’s involvement in the halal industry in the aspect of the strategical development was also highlighted. In the end, applying the halal industry development approach in perspective of Business Ecosystem was suggested. This paper involves several philosophical ideas which are the halalan toyyiban, business ecosystem, and systems-Theory of Political Science. Lastly, this paper has a limited scope in the Korean case study only.

Author Biography

MINGYU PARK, INHART, International Islamic University Malaysia (IIUM)

105-803, Samik 2nd APT, GyeonggiDaero 1578, 17720, Gyeonggi-do, Republic of Korea (South Korea)



Easton. D. (1965). A Systems Analysis of Political Life, New York

Eum, I. (2013). Compulsory Application of Halal Certification on Islamic Food Market and counter-strategies of Korean companies. Annals of Korean Association of the Islamic Studies, 23(3), 33–56.

Evans, A., & Syed, S. (2015). From niche to mainstream – Halal Goes Global. International Trade Centre.

Han, A., & Lee, K. (2016). A study on the Halal food market and Halal certification for Korean Firm’s access to Halal market. Food Science and Industry, 49(1), 87–93.

Han, S., Park, D., Seo, Y., & Bae, I. (2017). A Study on export strategy of Halal food in Islamic Food Marke -Based on Malaysian consumer behavior survey-. Annals of Korean Association of the Islamic Studies, 27(3), 169–191.

HDC. (2014). Opportunities in Halal Economy. Halal Industry Development Cooperation.

Hong, W. (2015). The Halal Food Market and Halal Certification. Food Science and Industry, 48(2), 2–11.

Hwang, Y., Lee, K., Kim, S., & Choi, J. (2015). A Study on the Domestic Market for Halal Food.Korea Rural Economic Institute

JTBC. (2016). Fact Check for Wild Rumor of Relevance between Iksan Halal Complex and ISIL. Retrieved Aug 3rd 2018, from http://news.jtbc.joins.com/article/article.aspx?news_id=NB11150145

Jun, E., & Han, S. (2018). Diversified Plan of Agri-Food Export Market through Halal Certification. The E-Business Studies, 19(1), 287–302.

Jung, J., & Lee, K. (2015). The Current Status and Future Directions for Activating International Trade in South Korea. Korea Trade Review, 40(3), 167–202.

Jusoh, A., Kamarulzaman, L., & Zakaria, Z. (2017). Contemporary Issues and Development in the Global Halal Industry. In Contemporary Issues and Development in the Global Halal Industry (pp. 37–46). Singapore: Springer. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-10-1452-9

Kang, J., & Ra, H. (2016). The Effect of International Halal Food Standard on Exports: A Case Study of Malaysia. The Southeast Asian Review, 26(1), 1–47.

Kawata, Y., Htay, S. N. N., & Syed, A. S. (2013). Non-Muslims’ acceptance of imported products with halal logo: a case study of Malaysia and Japan. Journal of Islamic Marketing Article, 4(1), 2013–2014. https://doi.org/10.1108/17590831311306336

Kim, E. (2015). Domestic and international markets associated with Halal food. Food Science and Industry, 48(2), 12–24.

Kim, J. (2017a). Marketing Strategy on the Islamic Market : Empirical Analysis for Recognition of Halal Industry. The Journal of Social Science, 24(2), 105–132.

Kim, J. (2017b). Development of the Domestic Industry through the Advanced Halal Market Structure Analysis. Middle East Studies, 35(3), 23–48.

Kim, N. (2016). A Research on an Islamic Strategy through the Halal Foods Complex in Korea. Journal of Korea Evangelical Missiological Society, 34, 13–50.

KSOI. (2018). Montly Census: July 2018, Social Issues. Retrieved Aug 15th 2018, from http://www.ksoi.org/news-view.php?nno=184

Kwon, J. (2016). The Missiological Understanding of Conflict regarding Islamic Food (Halal food) in South Korea. Torch Trinity Center for Islamic Studies Journal, 9(2), 97–127.

Lee, H. (2007). Islamic Tolerance toward Minorities: Misconception on Islamic Spread by Force. The Institute for the Religious and Culture, 3, 55–77.

Lee, S., & Lee, C. (2017a). The Study on the Distribution Channel of Imported Agrifood in Indonesia. Trade Credit Insurance Studies, 18(4), 295–320.

Lee, S., & Lee, M. (2017b). Muslim Market as a Blue Ocean and Domestic Perception on Halal: Halal Network Analysis Using Big Data. International Journal of Tourism Management and Sciences, 32(2), 493–513.

Lim, H. (2016). A Study on the Attitude of Muslim for Halal in Korea. Konkuk University.

Ministry of Government Legislation. (2016). Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Rural Affairs and its organisation. a Presidential decree no. 26885. Retrieved Aug. 14th. 2018, from http://www.law.go.kr/lsInfoP.do?lsiSeq=179395&viewCls=lsRvsDocInfoR#0000

Mohan, R. (2018). Rising Ethnic Nationalism and Protectionism : Impact on Global Companies and Brands in Emerging Markets. In Strategic Marketing Issues in Emerging Markets (pp. 217–223).

Mohan, R. (2018). Rising Ethnic Nationalism and Protectionism : Impact on Global Companies and Brands in Emerging Markets. In Strategic Marketing Issues in Emerging Markets (pp. 217–223).

Moon, D., & Chung, J. (2014). From “Developmental State Model” to “Neo-Liberal Model”: A Critical Review on the Debate over Korean Development Model. Journal of Asia-Pacific Studies, 21(2), 129–164.

Moore, J. F. (1996). The Death of Competition: Leadership and Strategy in the Age of Business Ecosystems. Harper Collins, New York

Mustafar, M. Z., & Borhan, J. T. (2013). Muslim Consumer Behavior: Emphasis on Ethics from Islamic Perspective. Middle-East Journal of Scientific Research, 18(9), 1301–1307. https://doi.org/10.5829/idosi.mejsr.2013.18.9.12113

Omar, M. N., Arifin, M., MohdNapiah, M., & Abdullah, M. a. (2012). When Halal and Haram meet the Haram prevails?: An analysis of the maxim and its application in contemporary issues. Australian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences, 6(11), 199–205.

Park, H. (2017). Food Globalization and Culture War : The Case of the Halal Food Complex in South Korea. Ewha Womans University.

Park, J. (2016a). A Comparative Study on Determining a Key Player of the Halal Certification Policy between Indonesia and Malaysia: Focusing on political factors. Journal of Asia-Pacific Studies, 23(3), 221–261.

Park, J. (2016b). WTO Compatability of Halal Certification - focus on Indonesia -. Yonsei Law Review, 26(2), 223–259.

Park, M., & JAMALUDIN, M. A. (2017). The Conceptual Model of Triangle Halal Ecosystem and Its Benefit in Korean. In International Halal Management Conference (pp. 132–139). Seoul, Korea.

PEW. (2017). "Why Muslims are the world's fastest-growing religious group". Pew Research Centre. Retrieved Aug 20th 2017, from http://www.pewresearch.org/fact-tank/2017/04/06/why-muslims-are-the-worlds-fastest-growing-religious-group/

Ramadan, T. (2012). Western Muslims: From Integration to Contribution. Awakening Publications.

Saidin, N., & Rahman, F. A. (2016). Halal Feed for Halal Food: An Exploratory Study of the Malaysian Legal and Regulatory Framework on Animal Feed. In Contemporary Issues and Development in the Global Halal Industry (pp. 141–151). singapore. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-10-1452-9

Samori, Z., Ishak, A. H., & Kassan, N. H. (2014). Understanding the Development of Halal Food Standard : Suggestion for Future Research. International Journal of Social Science and Humanity, 4(6), 482–486. https://doi.org/10.7763/IJSSH.2014.V4.403

Seo, M., & Jeong, J. (2018). A Case Study on Halal Certification in Korean Food Companies and Halal Certification Requirements in Major Countries. Korean Management Consulting Review, 18(1), 287–295.

So, Y. (2016). Islam ‘ Hal a l ’ and Korean Christianity from the Perspectives on the Lausanne Movement. Journal of Korea Evangelical Missiological Society, 36, 83–137.

Thomson Reuters. (2017). Outpacing The Mainstream: State of the Global Islamic Economy Report 2017/2018. https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9781107415324.004

Wibowo, M. W., & Ahmad, F. S. (2016). Non-Muslim Consumers’ Halal Food Product Acceptance Model. Procedia Economics and Finance, 37(16), 276–283. https://doi.org/10.1016/S2212-5671(16)30125-3






Abstract viewed = 1434 times
PDF downloaded = 1080 times