Effect of Light Emitting Diode (LED) Spectrum at Seedlings Production for Optimal Growth on Different Type of Lettuce in MARDI Plant Factory


  • Mohamed Hafeifi Basir MARDI
  • Intan Nadhirah Masri




Seedling production is a crucial part of the production of fresh vegetables in a plant factory. Light is one of the necessities for plants to produce a healthy seedling before being transplanted to the production area. Different light formulations resulted in different growth performances of the plant. Hence, this study was conducted to aim for suitable light formulation on various types of lettuce in the MARDI Plant Factory. The study was conducted in two stages: 1) seedling production and 2) production area. Treatments were evaluated at the seedlings' production stage using the split-plot experimental design with four replications. LED light treatments (LT) was the main factor with the various ratio of spectrum colour of Red (R), Blue (B), Green (G) and full spectrum. (LT 1; 5R:1B, LT 2; 1R:1B, LT 3; 1R: 2B, LT 4; 2R:1B, LT 5; 4R:1B:1G and LT 6; Full spectrum as control). The sub-factor was lettuce variety (V1; Butterhead, V2; Green Coral, V3; Red Coral and V4; Mini Cos). Variables measured at seedlings production were seed germination. Growth biomass and SPAD value were evaluated in the production area. At seedlings production, the full spectrum lighting shows significant seeds germination percentage compared to other LED lighting, and V1 performed well on germination percentage and time compare to other varieties. The interaction between light treatments and lettuce was observed on the leaf numbers, shoot fresh weight, leaf area, and the shoot-root ratio at the production area. LT 1 and LT 5 on butterhead and green coral significantly affected the number of leaves and leaf area, which were relatively influenced by light quality and ambient temperature. The yield on green coral lettuce grown under LT 1, LT 2, and LT 5 was significantly higher than others. However, plant biomass and SPAD value for all treatments were not significantly different. The allometry of plant was expressed on a shoot-root ratio with LT 2 on green coral shows a significantly higher shoot-root ratio than other treatments. The study's findings showed that light treatment with Red and Blue LED ratio of 5:1, 1:1, and Red, Blue, and Green LED ratio of 4:1:1 light arrangement on the seedling's productions provided optimal growing conditions in the production area butterhead and green coral lettuce in MPF cultivation.