Determination of Optimal Application of Biosurfactant by using Linear Programming (LP) Model


  • Mohd. Nazren Radzuan Department of Biological and Agricultural Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universiti Putra Malaysia
  • Nazifa Athirah Mat Zakhi
  • Nurul Husna Radzali
  • Mohamad Firdza Mohamad Shukery



Biosurfactant or amphiphilic compounds are a diverse group of molecules that contains a hydrophobic part and a hydrophilic part, division at liquid/solid, liquid/liquid, or liquid/gas interfaces. The characteristics of these biomolecules play a significant part in the formation of foam, emulsification, pharmaceutical, detergence, and biopesticide that can be admissible aspects in a few sectors. Currently, industrial biosurfactant production is still lacking, and the challenges presented in this regard are due to the high cost of microbial cultivation to biosurfactant recovery. Biosurfactants have already been applied individually or as mixed with biosurfactants in industries as commercially available using microbes and synthesis processes. In this study, linear mathematical modelling using Generalized Algebraic Modelling System (GAMS) software is being used to identify the worthwhile biosurfactant product and the pathways of biosurfactant that will provide the most significant profit to the biosurfactant application. The model consisted of the linear programming (LP) model, which utilized a diverse equation to determine the industrial application of biosurfactants that can provide profitable income to the country.






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