Sewerage Water Treatment Using Phytoremediation
Surface water are being contaminated by various toxic elements through anthropogenic activities and natural sources between residential and premises. Studies had shown that aquatic plants had its ability to improve water quality in purifying polluted surface water. Many studies had been introduced to treat the sewerage water and had been a cost to public to pay monthly. Thus, increasing living cost after water and electrical tariff. In this study, sewerage water at urban, rural, remote or even island could possibly use some aquatic plant as alternative sewerage water treatment. The objective of the study is to identify the effectiveness level of certain aquatic species suitable for sewerage water treatment.
Some aquatic plants will be used in this study to identify the level of chemical absorption from wastewater. The testing plot located in a small basin with constant, controlled water flow from the sewerage holding tank. In this study, sewerage, water from Puchong Sewerage Treatment Plant had been used as a polluted source. The water quality at each basin will be monitored and recorded daily and end at a constant reading of water quality.
From the study, it was found that certain aquatic species could absorb some chemical characteristic during phytoremediation processed as founded by many previous studies nationally and internationally. The treatment of sewerage sources for this study had been deteriorated over 20% from the sewerage characteristics using different types of species. This had identified that alternative wastewater treatment using some species could possibly treated the sewerage water within a period of time. Further study could be done for improving wastewater treatment timeframe either in a different scale or in an integrated mode of treatment in order to treat others characteristics sources of wastewater.
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