Problems and Constraints Involved in the Injection Moulding Process of Biocomposites: A Review
Biocomposite materials have revolutionized the engineering field, predominantly in manufacturing applications, where these materials were widely used as an alternative to the metal-based structural body or component. Since conventional materials have caused various pollution problems to the ecosystem, innovative efforts have been taken to develop the based product on natural materials composites but presently are not fully explored yet. Most issues raised are due to the lack of expertise in addressing some of the problems and constraints related to preparing feedstock materials involved in the injection moulding technique. The injectability process of the biocomposite material significantly depends on the early stage of feedstock preparation. The preparation steps should be considering the detailed characterization of the composite material, the effectiveness of the mixing method, the identification of the feedstock's flowability properties, and the appropriate processing parameters used. This review manuscript has a significant contribution to researchers interested in furthering the application of biocomposite-based materials, particularly in plastics injection moulding technology for manufacturing and processing engineering.
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