Problems and Constraints Involved in the Injection Moulding Process of Biocomposites: A Review

Authors

  • Mohd Khairul Fadzly Md Radzi Malaysian Palm Oil Board (MPOB)
  • Norhamidi Muhamad Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia
  • Abu Bakar Sulong Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia
  • Nabilah Afiqah Mohd Radzuan Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia
  • Mohd Ramdhan Mohd Khalid Malaysian Palm Oil Board (MPOB)
  • Mohd Rizal Ahmad Malaysian Palm Oil Board (MPOB)
  • Mohd Ikmal Hafizi Azaman Malaysian Palm Oil Board (MPOB)
  • Ahmad Syazwan Ramli Malaysian Palm Oil Board (MPOB)
  • Mohd Azwan Mohd Bakri Malaysian Palm Oil Board (MPOB)

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.36877/aafrj.a0000192

Abstract

Biocomposite materials have revolutionized the engineering field, predominantly in manufacturing applications, where these materials were widely used as an alternative to the metal-based structural body or component. Since conventional materials have caused various pollution problems to the ecosystem, innovative efforts have been taken to develop the based product on natural materials composites but presently are not fully explored yet. Most issues raised are due to the lack of expertise in addressing some of the problems and constraints related to preparing feedstock materials involved in the injection moulding technique. The injectability process of the biocomposite material significantly depends on the early stage of feedstock preparation. The preparation steps should be considering the detailed characterization of the composite material, the effectiveness of the mixing method, the identification of the feedstock's flowability properties, and the appropriate processing parameters used. This review manuscript has a significant contribution to researchers interested in furthering the application of biocomposite-based materials, particularly in plastics injection moulding technology for manufacturing and processing engineering.

Author Biographies

Mohd Khairul Fadzly Md Radzi, Malaysian Palm Oil Board (MPOB)

Mechanisation and Engineering Unit, Engineering and Processing Division

Norhamidi Muhamad, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia

Department Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering, Faculty of Engineering and Built Environment

Abu Bakar Sulong, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia

Department Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering, Faculty of Engineering and Built Environment

Nabilah Afiqah Mohd Radzuan, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia

Department Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering, Faculty of Engineering and Built Environment

Mohd Ramdhan Mohd Khalid, Malaysian Palm Oil Board (MPOB)

Mechanisation and Engineering Unit, Engineering and Processing Division

Mohd Rizal Ahmad, Malaysian Palm Oil Board (MPOB)

Mechanisation and Engineering Unit, Engineering and Processing Division

Mohd Ikmal Hafizi Azaman, Malaysian Palm Oil Board (MPOB)

Mechanisation and Engineering Unit, Engineering and Processing Division

Ahmad Syazwan Ramli, Malaysian Palm Oil Board (MPOB)

Mechanisation and Engineering Unit, Engineering and Processing Division

Mohd Azwan Mohd Bakri, Malaysian Palm Oil Board (MPOB)

Mechanisation and Engineering Unit, Engineering and Processing Division

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Published

2021-05-03

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REVIEW ARTICLE