Portable Biodigester System for Household Use – A review

Authors

  • Muhammad Badrul Amin Mohamed Zaki UNIVERSITI PUTRA MALAYSIA
  • Rosnah Shamsudin UNIVERSITI PUTRA MALAYSIA http://orcid.org/0000-0003-4849-9675
  • Mohd Zulkhairi Mohd Yusoff UNIVERSITI PUTRA MALAYSIA

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.36877/aafrj.a0000148

Abstract

Biogas is a value-added product comes from anaerobic digestion of organic compounds. The most common biogas production is done in large capacity which required large area and high cost to be operated. In order to benefits the consumer on the biogas production, varieties of innovated household biodigester machines were introduced.This portable household biodigesterappeals to the rural to provide economical and alternate source of energy apart reducing the organic waste dumping to landfill. Biogas produce consists of methane gas which can act as an alternative for cooking gas at home. In the meantime, effluent obtained at the end of anaerobic digestion can be used as fertilizer. Moreover, the cost of production is cheaper and easier to be operate. The size of portable household biodigesters varies in range of 1 to 150 m3 with common designs such as fixed dome, floating drum, plug flow type, and balloon type.This review paper aims to bring a further understanding on the design, capabilities and limitation from different type of household biodigester that have been used.

Author Biographies

Muhammad Badrul Amin Mohamed Zaki, UNIVERSITI PUTRA MALAYSIA

Department of Process & Food Engineering,
Faculty of Engineering,
Universiti Putra Malaysia

Rosnah Shamsudin, UNIVERSITI PUTRA MALAYSIA

Department of Process & Food Engineering,
Faculty of Engineering,
Universiti Putra Malaysia

Mohd Zulkhairi Mohd Yusoff, UNIVERSITI PUTRA MALAYSIA

Department of Bioprocess Technology, Faculty of Biotechnology and Biomolecular sciences, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia

References

Atelge, M.R., Krisa, D., Kumar, G., Eskicioglu, C., Nguyen, D. D., Chang, S. W., Atabani, A. E., Al-Muhtaseb, A. H., & Unalan, S. (2018). Biogas Production from Organic Waste: Recent Progress and Perspectives. Waste Biomass Valor.

Cantrell, K.B., Ducey, T., Ro, K.S., & Hunt, P.G. (2008). Livestock waste-to-bioenergy generation opportunities. Bioresour. Technol. Page 7941–7953.

Ferrer, I., Garfí, M., Uggetti, E., Ferrer-Martí, L., Calderon, A., & Velo, E. (2011). Biogas production in low-cost household digesters at the Peruvian Andes. Biomass Bioenergy

Global Enviroment Centre. (n.d.) Solid Waste in Malaysia. Retrieved from http://www.gecnet.info/index.cfm?&menuid=83

Green, J. M., & Sibisi, M. N. T. (2002). Domestic Biogas Digesters: A Comparative Study. In Proceedings of Domestic Use of Energy Conference, Cape Town, South Africa. Page 33–38.

Hoerz T., Kramer P., Klingler B., Kellner C., Wittur T., Klopotek F., Krieg A., Euler H. (2008). Biogas digest, vol II. Biogas—application and product development. Inf Advisory Serv Approp Technol

Ishmael M. R., Esther T. A., Daniel M. M., & Robert H. (2014). Design of The Bio-Digester for Biogas Production: Review. Retrieved from https://www.researchgate.net/publication/271834367_Design_of_the_bio- digester_for_biogas_production_A_review .

Kumar, A., Mandal, B., & Sharma, A. (2015). Advancement in Biogas Digester. In Green Energy and Technology (Vol. 201, pp. 351–382). Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.1007/978-81-322-2337-5_14

Low-Cost Polyethylene Tube Digester. (2016) Retrieved from https://energypedia.info/wiki/Low-

Cost_Polyethylene_Tube_Digester

Moog, F. A., Avilla, H. F., Agpaoa, E. V., Valenzuela, F. G., & Concepcion, F. C. (1997). Promotion and utilisation of polyethylene biodigester in small hold farming systems in the Philippines. Livest. Res. Rural Dev.

Nguyen, M. T., Maeda, T., Mohd Yusoff, M.Z., & Ogawa, H.I. (2014). Effect of azithromycin on enhancement of methane production from waste activated sludge. J. Ind. Microbiol. Biotechnol. Page 1051–1059.

(Rajendran K., Taherzadeh M. J., & Aslanzadeh S. (2012) Household Biogas Digester – A Review. Retrieved from https://www.build-a-biogas-plant.com/PDF/HouseholdBiogasSweden2012.pdf

Santerre, M. T., & Smith, K.R. (1982). Measures of appropriateness: The resource requirements of anaerobic digestion (biogas) systems. World Dev. Page 239–261.

Zhao, X., Li, L., Wu, D., Xiao, T., Ma, Y., & Peng, X. (2019). Modified Anaerobic Digestion Model No. 1 for modeling methane production from food waste in batch and semi-continuous anaerobic digestions. Bioresour. Technol. Page 109–117.

Downloads

Published

2020-12-04

Issue

Section

REVIEW ARTICLE