Development of an Efficient Processing System for Young Coconut Husk

Authors

  • Mohd Shahmihaizan Mat Jusoh Malaysia Agriculture Research and Development Institute
  • Wan Mohd Aznan Wan Ahamad
  • Mohd Nadzim Nordin
  • Md Akhir Hamid
  • Sentoor Kumeran Govindasamy
  • Zawayi Mat
  • Norahsheikin Abdul Rahman

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.36877/aafrj.a0000124

Abstract

A processing system for young coconut husk was developed to cater abandoned young coconut husk in the coconut industry. This was a new invention as an alternative to the current old coconut husk extractor in the coconut industry. There were several machines developed; 1) chopping machine, 2) young coconut husk extractor, 3) conveyor system, and 4) rotary screener. This processing system was introduced to ensure the abandoned young coconut husk can be extracted into fiber and cocopeat. The evaluation results showed that the average machine capacity of the young coconut husk extractor was 350.79 kg/hour with the average weight ratio of unfiltered cocopeat and fiber produced at 70 % and 30 % respectively. The assessment of quality for fiber and cocopeat was done by using rotary screener that equipped with 16 mesh nets. The result of cocopeat was 2.8 % in the extracted fiber after extraction and filtration. Based on the analysis, cost of operation was RM 3.80/hr or equal to RM 668.70/month for the entire processing system. Total monthly income for machines owner was RM52,923.30 and the ROI was 88.21%. The results showed that the processing system was able to process the abandoned young coconut husk into fiber and cocopeat. Performance evaluation of each machine should be carried out in the future research to identify machines efficiency and durability.

References

Anon, (2018). Booklet Statistik Tanaman 2018 (Sub-Sektor Tanaman Makanan, Jabatan Pertanian Malaysia.

Christoper J.B., (2018). Implementation of Coconut Policies and Initiatives: The Real Challenges to Empower the Industry, National Coconut Conference, 7-9 August 2018, Ipoh Perak.

Mani S., Tabil L.G. & Sokhansanj S., (2004). Grinding performance and physical properties of wheat and barley straws, corn stover and switchgrass. Biomass and Bioenergy, 27(4), pp.339-352.

Mohd Hafizudin Z., Mohd Zaffrie M.A., Nor Amna A’liah M.N., Mohd Rashid R. & Mohd Tarmizi H. (2016). Kajian Potensi dan Kecenderungan Pengguna Terhadap Kelapa Segar dan Produk Makanan Berasaskan Kelapa (PMBK) di Malaysia, Laporan Kajian Sosioekonomi 2016.

Mohd Rashid R., Nor Amna A’liah M.N., Mohd Hafizudin Z. & Mohd Dainori M.S., (2016). Potensi Pembangunan Industri Kelapa Negara dari Perspektif Rantaian Nilai, Laporan Kajian Sosioekonomi 2016.

Mohd Zaffrie, M.A., Mohd Hafizudin Z. & Azahar H., (2018). The market potential of non-food coconut-based products in Malaysia, National Coconut Conference, 7-9 August 2018, Ipoh Perak. eISBN 978-967-936-663-1

Onwuka U.N. & Nwachukwu G., (2013). Grain Size and Heat Source Effect on the Drying Profile of Cocoa Beans. Nigerian Journal of Technology (NIJOTECH), Vol. 32. No. 3, pp. 417-423, ISSN: 1115-8443

Tafsir S. and Mohd Hafizudin Z., (2018). Industry Outlook and Consumer Preference for Fresh and Processed Coconut Products, National Coconut Conference, 7-9 August 2018, Ipoh Perak.

Wan Mohd Aznan W.A., Mohd Shahmihaizan M.J., Md Akhir H., Zawayi M., and Norahshekin A.R. (2019). Evaluation of Performance for Young Coconut Husk Processing Machine and Its Product Quality, Konvensyen Kebangsaan Kejuruteraan Pertanian Dan Makanan , 21 Mac 2019, Wisma Tani, Kementerian Pertanian Malaysia, Putrajaya. eISBN 978-967-16145-1-8

Downloads

Published

2020-10-31

Issue

Section

ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE