Effect of Light Emitting Diode (LED) Spectra on Plant Growth


  • Nur Syahirah Talib
  • Diyana Jamaludin Universiti Putra Malaysia
  • Nur Sakinah Abdul Malek




The effect of lights generated by red, blue and white light emitting diodes (LED) on growth and development of lettuce were investigated and compared with lettuce without supplemental lighting. A vertical multi-tier hydroponic system was used to grow lettuce. Each tier consisted of 60 heads of lettuce with different LED colour and one tier without LED was used as control. The following measurements on plant physiology were taken: number, length and chlorophyll content of leaves, height and weight of plants. Based on number of leaves, red LED shows the highest number of leaves compared to lettuce under blue, white and control treatment. The similar trend also can be found in the lengths of leaves which shows the highest length produce under red LED.  Red LED also produce highest weight of lettuce by 28% as compared to white LED. White LED improved lettuce growth development in the height by 13% and amount of chlorophyll content. Lettuce grown under blue LED shows lowest growth and development compared to lettuce grown under red and white LEDs based on parameters above, and lettuce without LED were died within 2 weeks.  This result indicated that the red LED was the most effective spectra in growth response of lettuce plants. This study also demonstrates the effectiveness of LED in improving lettuce growth on vertical multi-tier hydroponic system.


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