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Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.
  • The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  • The submission file is in OpenOffice, Microsoft Word, RTF, or WordPerfect document file format.
  • Where available, URLs for the references have been provided.
  • The text is single-spaced; uses a 12-point font; employs italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses); and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end.
  • The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines, which is found in About the Journal.
  • If submitting to a peer-reviewed section of the journal, the instructions in Ensuring a Blind Review have been followed.

Author Guidelines

The MJAE invites contribution to the following categories:

  • Original research
  • Survey/review articles, providing a comprehensive review of a scientific / research topic
  • An extended version of conferences/journals/workshops

Manuscript prior to submission will be following the instructions and format specified below:

  • The authors are advised to download the document titled ‘Submission Template’ and use it as a template for your manuscript.
  • MJAE accepts manuscripts written in either American or British English with clear and comprehensive English. Non-English words usage must be kept to a minimum and the font must be italicized (except for e.g. and i.e.).
  • The authors are advised to go through professional language and content check prior to final submission. The author may also visit here for any relevant services.
  • All articles that are submitted should attach a cover letter as a separate file.
  1. Cover Letter

The contents of the cover letter should consist of a brief explanation of the research. The cover letter serves as evidence that the author approved the submission of the article to MJAE and has not submitted this article elsewhere. The authors shall provide all the information about the novelty and importance of your findings including the similarity index report by iThenticate/TurnitIn of 30% or less

  1. Manuscript

a) Title

The title should be not more than 20 words. Avoid using titles that are too long and the usage of excessive uncommon words that may not be understood by the target audience. Any acronyms must be spelled out first before using it throughout the article as this may help the readers who are not familiar with the meanings of the words.

b) List of Authors

Full name or authors’ names should be spelled out instead of only listing their initials with their respective affiliations included in the footnotes. It must be ensured that the authors of a manuscript are listed based on the extent of their contribution and the major contributor should be listed first. The corresponding author must be identified with an asterisk (*) at their last name. Affiliations should contain the following core information: department, institution, city, state, postal code, and country. Only include the email of one corresponding author for contact purposes in the manuscript. All authors must be viewed and approved the final version of the manuscript before submitting it via the system.

c) Abstract

The abstract should include the summary of a research paper that is fully self-contained and makes sense by itself. It should be informative for the readers and include the problem statements, specific aims, brief description of the method, main results, and conclusions in a single paragraph. No references should be included in the abstract. Non-standard or uncommon abbreviations should be avoided but if essential they must be defined at their first mention in the abstract itself. Please note that the abstract should be in the range of 250-300 words, indented, and single-spaced.

d) Keywords

The authors should include 5-6 keywords after the abstract.

e) Section Headings

The authors must ensure that all section headings and subheadings are differentiated by font size. The bold font must be used for the major headings and non-bold font must be used for the subheadings in parenthesis.


Headings: 1.Xxxx
Subheadings: 1.1Xxxx
Subheadings: 1.1.1Xxxx

f) Introduction

The introduction of the paper should start with a brief explanation of the research overview, issue, and problem statements of the research. The research objective(s) should be stated clearly in the introduction. It would be advantageous for the readers if the authors provided a clear, one-sentence purpose statement of the research. It would be advisable to keep the length of the introduction about 1/2 page (1-2 paragraphs).

g) Literature Review

This section includes a brief literature review and previous relevant works with references. A literature review includes the current knowledge including substantive findings, as well as theoretical and methodological contributions to a topic.

h) Methodology

In this section, authors are required to provide a detailed information on the procedures to conduct the research. It includes the conceptual framework used in the research, the sampling methods, research tools such as questionnaire and the software and analysis that used to analyze the data.

i) Results and Discussion

This section can be divided into subheadings and focuses on the results of the research based on the analysis used. In this section, authors should state their explanations and explain the implications of their results and make suggestions for future research. The discussion should be kept as short as possible while clearly and fully stating, supporting, explaining, and defending the author’s answers and discussing other important and directly relevant issues.

j) Conclusion

The authors should note that the conclusion is extremely important as it provides closure for their manuscript. An effective conclusion would leave the reader feeling satisfied that the concepts have been fully explained. The conclusion should start with a clear statement of the findings that also has to be concise. It would help to set the manuscript in the context of previous work as this will show the readers how significant or worthy your research is. Recommendations for further research can be included in this section.

k) Acknowledgements

It is the authors’ responsibility to declare all financial and non-financial support that may be deliberated as a source of competing for interest with their submitted manuscript.

l) Pages

The page of the manuscript should be not more than 15 pages.

m) Tables, Graphs and Figures

Tables, graphs, and figures are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end. Tables and figures should be numbered successively in accordance with their appearance in the text. Tables are captioned on top of the table body and place any table notes below the table body with proper indications to the contents in the table body (if needed). Figures are captioned at the bottom of the figures. Scanned or digital photographs should be in high resolution, a minimum of 300 dpi in the PC format. A maximum of 5 Figures and Tables combined only allowed; hence, be sparing.

n) In-text citation

Reference citations in the text should be clearly stated in brackets. For citing a work by one or two author/s: Name the author/s in the signal phrase or in brackets each time you cite the work. Use the word “and” between the authors' names within the text and use the ampersand (&) if it is in brackets. For citing a work by three or more authors: Use the first author's name followed by et al. in the signal phrase or in brackets. Some examples:

  1. Chen and Tao (2001) used wavelet transform for online inspection of deboned poultry.
  2. Pyramidal decomposition was successfully applied to extract the features for face recognition (Chen & Zhang 2007).
  3. Semler et al. (2005) investigated the discriminating power of wavelet textural features extracted from computed tomography (CT) scans for the classification of tissues.
  4. X-ray imaging has been used for detection of insects in grain (Karunakaran et al., 2004) and sprouts damaged wheat kernels (Neethirajan et al., 2007).

Personal communications and unpublished works can only be used in the main text of the submission and are not to be placed in the Reference section. Authors are advised to limit such usage to the minimum. They should also be easily identifiable by stating the authors and year of such unpublished works or personal communications and the word ‘Unpublished’ in parenthesis. E.g. (Smith J, 2000, Unpublished)

n) References

The references section is compulsory and should be placed at the end of all manuscripts. The journal follows the APA style of references. Authors referenced are listed with their surname followed by their initials (e.g. Adam, B. H.). All references should be sequenced according to the alphabet. 

If the referred article has two or three authors, the last author name is preceded by an ampersand (&). If the referred article has more than three authors, list only the first three authors and abbreviates the remaining authors to italicized ‘et al.’ (meaning: “and others”).

References should follow the following pattern:

  • Journal article in print/online

Saludin, S. F., Kamarulzaman, N. H., & Ismail, M. M. (2019). Measuring consumers’ preferences of stingless bee honey (Meliponine honey) based on sensory characteristics. International Food Research Journal, 26(1), 226–235.  

Hamzah, N. A., Kamarulzaman, N. H., Abd Latif, I., et al. (2015). The Impacts of Gazettement on Island Community of Tinggi and Sibu Islands Marine Park, Johor. Malaysian Journal of Agricultural Economics, 28, December, 75–87.

Taheri, N., Mohd Nawi, N., Kamarulzaman, N. H., et al. (2014). Factors influencing Malaysian purchasing decision of dairy product based on country of origin (COO). Malaysian Journal of Agricultural Economics, 27, 40–48.

  •  Book

Miles, D. A., Van Dis, M. L., & Williamson, G. F. (2009). Halal terminologies as guidelines (4th ed.). St. Louis: Saunders Elsevier.

  • Chapters in book:

Hemingway, E. (1999). The killers. In J. Updike & K. Kenison (Eds.), The best American short stories of the century (pp.78–80). Boston, MA: Houghton Mifflin.

  • Published Conference Proceedings

Blakey, N., Guinea, S., & Saghafi, F. (2017). Transforming undergraduate nursing curriculum by aligning models of clinical reasoning through simulation. In R. Walker, and S. Bedford (Eds.), HERDSA 2017 Conference: Research and Development in Higher Education: Curriculum Transformation (pp. 25–37). Hammondville, NSW: Higher Education Research and Development Society of Australasia. Retrieved from

  • Unpublished Conference Proceedings

Ellis, C., Johnson, Z., & Sharman, A. (2013, June). Under the covers: a social reading project. Poster presented at the CLS Poster Prom, University of Huddersfield.

  • Working Papers

Victor, N. M. (2008). Gazprom: Gas giant under strain (Working Paper No. 71). Retrieved from Stanford University, Program on Energy and Sustainable Development. Website:

  •  Thesis

Knight, K. A. (2011). Media epidemics: Viral structures in literature and new media. Michigan: Michigan University, PhD Dissertation.

  •  Government Report

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, National Institutes of Health, National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute. (2003). Managing asthma: A guide for schools (NIH Publication No. 02-2650). Retrieved from

  • Standards

International Organization for Standardization. (2016). Occupational health and safety management systems-Requirements with guidance for use (ISO/DIS Standard No. 45001). Retrieved from

  • Newspapers

Basken, P. (2007, August 10). Nonprofit lenders, while helping students, help themselves. The Chronicle of Higher Education. Retrieved from


Original Research Article

Original Research Artricle should contain all reports of original research in Malaysian Journal of Agricultural Economics. This main mode of scientific communication should consist of principal research governing major contributions for many different fields and different type of studies. The report includes a full introduction, significant findings, latest methodologies, statistical studies, results and proper evidence of conclusions

Review Article

Review article describes as of the latest findings, significant new development and progress, a compilation of published evidence of analysis at the particular subject area of research under this Journal's scope.

Editorial Note

Editorial presents the opinion of an article or specific topic related to agricultural and food research. It also includes announcements, highlighting recent changes in accordance to the journal.

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